The Communal Award of 1935 was the basis of religion based reservation in undivided
Muslims never faced Manuvaadi System of Society and have never been trampled like Schedule Castes. Today, they have preferential treatment in jobs in all the countries of
Muslim community gave three presidents to the country, a Chief Justice to the Supreme Court and a Chief of the Armed Forces. Then what is the reason of their low representation in services? Apparently, they seek employment in science, technology and computers based on their knowledge of Arabic, Persian and Urdu. Educated Muslims are not available even in the exclusive areas like Urdu teachers and translators. Hindus take over a large chunk of these jobs.
Muslims, for whatever reason, opt out of higher education. Muslim graduates are only 1.3 % and 6.1% in rural and urban areas respectively compared to 5.3 % and 25.3 % Hindus. School drop out in Muslims after primary school is up to 90 %. The cause of their lagging behind is their preference to madarsa education over common school system. Hindus will become like that only if all of them give preference to Sanskrit Pathshalas over the common school system of